A 15-YEAR OLD teenager experiencing a fever, joint pain, and decreased appetite visited his primary care physician. He removed his shirt to show the doctor a painful pustular rash covering a wide area of his chest and back. There were many cysts draining serosanguineous fluid and pus.
Can you diagnose the patient? Use the Differential Builder in VisualDx to help you. HINT: Start with the “Pediatric Skin – Child < 18 Years – Multiple Lesions or Rash” clinical scenario, then add other key findings.
Look for the answer on Visual Dx’s Facebook page on Tuesday, June 2.
Melanoma No More
DESIGNATED BY THE American Academy of Dermatology, May is National Melanoma Prevention Month. Despite efforts to address risk factors, melanoma rates have been increasing in recent years. It’s vital that skin cancers such as melanoma, an often deadly form of skin cancer, are prevented and detected early.
As a health care provider, you can use this month to raise awareness about skin cancer in your community. Here are three ways you can help people take action to prevent or detect melanoma:
- Encourage families to adopt good habits together, such as wearing sunscreen and limiting their time in the sun. One of the strongest predictors of a child’s sun protection is his or her parents’ own sun protection habits. (1)
- Partner with a local hospital, state fair, or similar organization to host a skin cancer screening event. Read more on the American Academy of Dermatology’s volunteer and mentor opportunities page. Encourage patients to perform regular, thorough skin self exams. All available studies on patterns of melanoma detection indicate that patients most commonly detect their own lesions, either incidentally or during a deliberate skin self exam. (2)
Most skin cancers are treated successfully if they are caught early. Knowing what to look for is the key to early detection. To review over 70 images showing variations of melanoma, go to VisualDx: http://info.visualdx.com/e/11412/duleId-11-ampdiagnosisId-51936/34ggtz/568979613
1. Turner LR, Mermelstein RJ. Psychosocial characteristics associated with sun protection practices among parents of young children. J Behav Med. 2005 Feb;28(1):77-90. [PubMed]
2. Hamidi R, Peng D, Cockburn M. Efficacy of skin self-examination for the early detection of melanoma. Int J Dermatol. 2010 Feb;49(2):126-34. [PubMed]