Hormone replacement therapy can be an appropriate choice for some women who struggle with the symptoms of menopause, says Shawky Badawy, MD, Upstate’s division chief of reproductive endocrinology and infertility. Many patients ask Badawy about the risk of heart disease and breast cancer, which are important concerns. He says the decision of whether to seek relief from hormones must be made on an individual basis.
Shawky Badawy, MD: Should menopausal women treat hot flashes with hormones?[ 0.01 MB ]Play Now | Download
Though invisible to many people, miscarriages are important losses to the mothers who experience them. Certified nurse midwife Kathleen Dermady explains the symptoms of miscarriage, and Shawky Badawy, MD, goes over the causes. “Sometimes they have the feeling of blaming themselves,” he says of the mothers, “but they are not to blame.”
Kathleen Dermady, CNM & Shawky Badawy, MD: Mothers who suffer miscarriage need medical, emotional care[ 0.01 MB ]Play Now | Download
Nurse Lorraine Langdon, heart failure program coordinator at Upstate University Hospital, points out that more women than men have died from heart disease in the past three decades in the United States. She also says that more women die from heart disease than die from breast cancer and lung cancer combined. In this interview, she explains the dangers of high blood pressure and heart disease in women. Langdon goes over the common symptoms and encourages women to “know what is normal to you. Listen to your body. If it feels like something you’ve never really had before, you really need to get that checked out.”
Lorraine Langdon: High blood pressure, heart disease threaten women[ 0.01 MB ]Play Now | Download
Polycystic ovary syndrome is often diagnosed after a woman seeks care for irregular menstrual periods. Blood tests may reveal excess levels of the androgen hormone, and an ultrasound may show what looks like a string of pearls in the ovaries. (The “pearls” are actually cysts.) Certified nurse midwife Heather Shannon explains common treatments for PCOS and the medical risks that may accompany the syndrome.
Heather Shannon, MS, CNM, NP, MPH: Could you have polycystic ovary syndrome?[ 0.01 MB ]Play Now | Download
The death rate from breast cancer is 41 percent higher for black women compared to white women. To help improve that rate, Upstate sponsors a breast education program called She Matters. The goal is to get more women in for mammography screening, to find and treat any breast cancers early. She Matters is made possible through a grant from the Susan G. Komen Central New York Affiliate. For information on obtaining a mammogram, call: 315-217-5825. Hear about the program in this segment from organizers Linda Veit, a special projects manager in the Upstate Cancer Center, and Maxine Thompson, assistant vice president in the Office of Diversity and Inclusion.
Linda Veit & Maxine Thompson: She Matters; breast education program[ 0.01 MB ]Play Now | Download
Targeted radiation therapy can be effective in reducing the size of a tumor, but it can leave bones more susceptible to fractures in the years after cancer.
Studying stem cells for possible solutions are Megan Oest, PhD, assistant professor of orthopedic surgery, and Timothy Damron, MD, professor of orthopedic surgery, cell and developmental biology and neuroscience and physiology. Stem cells have the ability to develop into many different cell types, depending on the body’s needs.
Of the bone cells that are alive at the time of radiation, Oest and Damron have noticed that some die and are never replenished. They are experimenting with chemical or biological methods to prevent damage to these particular cells. Perhaps in the future, patients could receive an injection of a protective substance before undergoing radiotherapy.
It’s also possible, Oest theorizes, that patients could undergo something like a stem cell transplant after their therapy. Healthy cells could come from a donor, or from elsewhere in the patient’s body. She and Damron have learned that when radiation is applied to one leg, cells from the opposite leg remain undamaged. “In theory, if it worked, you could actually take cells from the healthy side of the patient and put them into the unhealthy side,” she says.
Oest and Damron are among dozens of researchers who have received grants from the Carol M. Baldwin Breast Cancer Research Fund of CNYsince 2002.
Megan Oest, PhD: Radiotherapy-associated bone damage[ 0.01 MB ]Play Now | Download
Obstetrician/gynocologist Alexandra Spadola, MD, medical director of the Regional Perinatal Center, provides an overview of the comprehensive services available to women with special needs during pregnancy. The center’s mission is to provide high-quality, compassionate care to patients with complicated pregnancies throughout the Central New York Region, using a multi-disciplinary team approach utilizing physicians, nurses and other health care professionals in an integrated service.
Alexandra Spadola, MD: Comprehensive care for patients with complicated pregnancies[ 0.01 MB ]Play Now | Download
Juliann Mellen, RD, Upstate registered dietitian and certified diabetic educator, reinforces the importance of eating healthy during pregnancy, but cautions that not all foods are safe, and foodborne illness is a serious issue. Read more: FoodSafety.gov