Archive Posts

Archive for the ‘ research’ Category

Genetic testing can offer promise as well as frustration to those with rare diseases

Friday, March 18th, 2016

Advances in genetic testing have provided new possibilities for diagnosing rare genetic diseases and also ushered in new dilemmas. Upstate geneticist Joan Pellegrino, MD, explains that while genetic sequencing can help identify a patient’s disease, that knowledge might offer little comfort if the disease has no known treatment or if the testing uncovers unrelated health problems. Pellegrino, director of Upstate’s Inherited Metabolic Diseases Specialty Center, discusses these complexities and reviews a local case that sheds light on the issues involved.

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HealthLink on Air radio show: March 13, 2016

Wednesday, March 9th, 2016

March 13, 2016

Transfusion expert Matthew Elkins, MD, PhD, discusses bone marrow transplant. Neurosciences doctoral student Patrick Sweeney talks of the connection between emotion, genetics and eating patterns. Radiologist Ravi Adhikary, MD, and radiology director Jennifer Caldwell tell about the merits of 3-D mammography.

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Research examines how emotion, appetite influence eating behaviors

Thursday, March 3rd, 2016

Why does stress cause some people to lose their appetite and others to gorge? The complex relationships between emotion, genetics and eating patterns are explored by Patrick Sweeney, a neurosciences doctoral candidate in Upstate’s College of Graduate Studies, who recently published research showing that brain regions involved with emotion and stress are also involved in feeding behavior, something not previously reported. He hopes future research might lead to drugs for individual circuits of the brain, rather than the entire brain. 

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Getting to know Upstate’s new president

Thursday, March 3rd, 2016

Being born in a poor country, training as a pediatrician, teaching medical students and working in impoverished areas have all contributed to the background of Upstate Medical University’s new president. Danielle Laraque-Arena, MD, tells of her birth in Haiti, her upbringing from age 7 in New York City and her passion for the rigors of medical research as well as the need for doctors to get real-life experience and for medical care to reach the underprivileged. She also takes a look at the future of medical education and health care.

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What you need to know about the Zika virus

Thursday, March 3rd, 2016

Most people infected with the mosquito-borne Zika virus show no symptoms, and the disease is not a threat to human life, says Upstate infectious disease expert Timothy Endy, MD. Pregnant women exposed to Zika run the risk of their babies being born with abnormally small heads, which is why the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant to avoid the Olympic games in Brazil later this year. Endy says the virus has been transmitted sexually from men to women and appears to be able to live in urine and semen for a month. So far, mosquitoes carrying Zika have been found in 10 or 12 countries in South America, Puerto Rico and the Caribbean. Subtropical mosquitoes feed in the daytime and prefer shady environments, so Endy recommends protecting yourself with insect repellents if you are traveling to those areas.

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HealthLink on Air radio show: March 6, 2016

Thursday, March 3rd, 2016

March 6, 2016

Infectious disease expert Timothy Endy, MD, discusses the Zika virus. Upstate Medical University’s new president, Danielle Laraque-Arena, MD, introduces herself to the community. Colorectal surgeon David Halleran, MD, tells about colorectal cancer prevention. Leslie Kohman, MD, explains a program that offers free kits to test for colorectal cancer.

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Factors that contribute to the childhood obesity epidemic

Thursday, February 4th, 2016

Syracuse University professor Amy Ellen Schwartz, PhD, examines factors that may influence America’s obesity epidemic in schoolchildren. She has looked at physical education, school lunches and the barriers to walking to school. More recently she studied the obesity rates in New York City schools that installed water jets in school cafeterias, which allow kids to quickly fill cups or bottles with cold water. “After the installation of the water jets, obesity rates go down, and weight goes down,” she says. “And we’re convinced it’s a causal relationship because we can compare it with schools that did not get the water jets.” Schwartz specializes in economics in SU’s Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs.

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HealthLink on Air radio show: January 24, 2016

Wednesday, January 20th, 2016

January 24, 2016

Registered nurse Deb Polmanteer talks about treatment and options for someone with chronic kidney disease. Upstate urologist Dmitriy Nikolavsky, MD, shares his expertise in surgical repair after gender reassignment surgery, and author Terri Cook tells about the memoir she wrote with her husband about their child’s transition. Syracuse University registered dietitian Tanya Horacek, PhD, explores the factors that influence college student weight gain.

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College students exercise but need to improve ‘eating competence,’ SU dietitian says

Friday, January 15th, 2016

Many students beginning college see a 5 percent increase in their body weight the first semester. And while 60 percent of students adopt an exercise routine, many also develop unhealthy habits, says registered dietitian nutritionist Tanya Horacek, PhD, of Syracuse University’s Falk College of Sport and Human Dynamics. She says many students don’t eat enough whole grains, fruits and vegetables, and many have trouble sleeping. During the transition phase that is college, Horacek says, it’s important for students to improve their “eating competence.” “This is a very formidable time. They are learning habits that they will carry into adulthood.”

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New era of precision treatments on horizon for cancer patients

Thursday, January 14th, 2016

Advances in cancer research are ushering in precision treatments designed to be more effective and less toxic to the patient. These treatments aim to zero in on a tumor and are less concerned with where it originated, says Stephen Graziano, MD, Upstate’s division chief of hematology and oncology. This could mean, for example, that a patient takes an oral medicine at home, with less nausea and hair loss than in traditional chemotherapy. Graziano cautions, however, that these treatments tend to be for a small percentage of patients and usually for more advanced cases. The high cost of these precision treatments will also need to be addressed, probably by Congress, he said.

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SU earth sciences professor: Fracking, all energy sources come at a price

Wednesday, January 6th, 2016

Donald Siegel, PhD, a Syracuse University earth sciences professor, talks about fracking on Upstate's weekly talk radio show, HealthLInk on Air.

Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, brings with it a controversial mix of issues that range from public health and science to jobs and politics. As with any energy production process, there are drawbacks to pumping water and chemicals underground to extract oil and gas, explains Donald Siegel, PhD, department chair of earth sciences at Syracuse University. Siegel explores the scientific evidence on fracking, advocates the use of renewable energy sources and notes that whatever the energy source, “there’s no free ride,” and someone is bound to be inconvenienced or unhappy.

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HealthLink on Air radio show: Jan. 3, 2016

Saturday, January 2nd, 2016

January 3, 2016

Upstate cardiologist Harold Smulyan, MD, and infectious disease expert Donald Blair, MD, take a historical look at a deadly heart infection. Upstate assistant vice president Thomas Pelis shares how big institutions, such as Upstate Medical University, are going green. Bioethics and humanities assistant professor Thomas Curran, MD, and associate professor Robert Olick, JD, PhD, discuss the importance of the health care proxy.

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