Archive Posts

Archive for the ‘ research’ Category

Factors that contribute to the childhood obesity epidemic

Thursday, February 4th, 2016

Syracuse University professor Amy Ellen Schwartz, PhD, examines factors that may influence America’s obesity epidemic in schoolchildren. She has looked at physical education, school lunches and the barriers to walking to school. More recently she studied the obesity rates in New York City schools that installed water jets in school cafeterias, which allow kids to quickly fill cups or bottles with cold water. “After the installation of the water jets, obesity rates go down, and weight goes down,” she says. “And we’re convinced it’s a causal relationship because we can compare it with schools that did not get the water jets.” Schwartz specializes in economics in SU’s Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs.


HealthLink on Air radio show: January 24, 2016

Wednesday, January 20th, 2016

January 24, 2016

Registered nurse Deb Polmanteer talks about treatment and options for someone with chronic kidney disease. Upstate urologist Dmitriy Nikolavsky, MD, shares his expertise in surgical repair after gender reassignment surgery, and author Terri Cook tells about the memoir she wrote with her husband about their child’s transition. Syracuse University registered dietitian Tanya Horacek, PhD, explores the factors that influence college student weight gain.


College students exercise but need to improve ‘eating competence,’ SU dietitian says

Friday, January 15th, 2016

Many students beginning college see a 5 percent increase in their body weight the first semester. And while 60 percent of students adopt an exercise routine, many also develop unhealthy habits, says registered dietitian nutritionist Tanya Horacek, PhD, of Syracuse University’s Falk College of Sport and Human Dynamics. She says many students don’t eat enough whole grains, fruits and vegetables, and many have trouble sleeping. During the transition phase that is college, Horacek says, it’s important for students to improve their “eating competence.” “This is a very formidable time. They are learning habits that they will carry into adulthood.”


New era of precision treatments on horizon for cancer patients

Thursday, January 14th, 2016

Advances in cancer research are ushering in precision treatments designed to be more effective and less toxic to the patient. These treatments aim to zero in on a tumor and are less concerned with where it originated, says Stephen Graziano, MD, Upstate’s division chief of hematology and oncology. This could mean, for example, that a patient takes an oral medicine at home, with less nausea and hair loss than in traditional chemotherapy. Graziano cautions, however, that these treatments tend to be for a small percentage of patients and usually for more advanced cases. The high cost of these precision treatments will also need to be addressed, probably by Congress, he said.


SU earth sciences professor: Fracking, all energy sources come at a price

Wednesday, January 6th, 2016

Donald Siegel, PhD, a Syracuse University earth sciences professor, talks about fracking on Upstate's weekly talk radio show, HealthLInk on Air.

Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, brings with it a controversial mix of issues that range from public health and science to jobs and politics. As with any energy production process, there are drawbacks to pumping water and chemicals underground to extract oil and gas, explains Donald Siegel, PhD, department chair of earth sciences at Syracuse University. Siegel explores the scientific evidence on fracking, advocates the use of renewable energy sources and notes that whatever the energy source, “there’s no free ride,” and someone is bound to be inconvenienced or unhappy.


HealthLink on Air radio show: Jan. 3, 2016

Saturday, January 2nd, 2016

January 3, 2016

Upstate cardiologist Harold Smulyan, MD, and infectious disease expert Donald Blair, MD, take a historical look at a deadly heart infection. Upstate assistant vice president Thomas Pelis shares how big institutions, such as Upstate Medical University, are going green. Bioethics and humanities assistant professor Thomas Curran, MD, and associate professor Robert Olick, JD, PhD, discuss the importance of the health care proxy.


HealthLink on Air radio show: December 27, 2015

Saturday, December 26th, 2015

Professor of psychiatry Stephen Faraone, PhD, provides an update on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Concussion expert Brian Rieger, PhD, tells about winter head injuries. Pulmonologist Lawrence Kurlandsky, MD (retired), explains his research into Christmas tree syndrome. And pediatrician Steven Blatt, MD, discusses what to do about dry skin.


Check Up From the Neck Up: Encouraging loved ones to quit smoking

Thursday, December 17th, 2015

Upstate psychologist Rich O’Neill, PhD, tells about research showing that what doctors say or don’t say has a big impact on whether someone stops smoking. He says the single best thing you can do for your health is to stop smoking, which likely will add six or seven years to your life. Upstate offers free smoking cessation classes.


A historical look at a heart condition caused by infection

Thursday, December 17th, 2015

A cardiologist (Harold Smulyan, MD, left) and an infectious disease expert (Donald Blair, MD) from Upstate look at the history of infective endocarditis — an inflammation of the inner lining of the heart and its tissues, usually caused by a bacterial infection — in a paper published in the American Journal of the Medical Sciences. The disease was first reported in the early 1800s, and Smulyan explains that “before the development of antibiotics, this disease was uniformly fatal.” His research identifies a number of famous patients who died from infective endocarditis, including Scottish poet Robert Burns in 1796; composer Gustay Mahler in 1907; German physician Alois Alzheimer, the founding father of neuropathology, in 1915; and silent-screen star Rudolph Valentino in 1926.


Early medication seen as key to ADHD treatment

Thursday, December 10th, 2015

Stephen Faraone, PhD

If your child has ADHD, it’s better to start medical treatment early, so the child keeps up with his or her peers, says Stephen Faraone, PhD, a distinguished professor of psychiatry and behavioral science at Upstate. Faraone, an expert in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, explains its many facets, including its tendency to run in families, the reluctance of some people toward medication, and the hopes for genetic research.


HealthLink on Air radio show: November 29, 2015

Friday, November 27th, 2015

November 29, 2015

Nurse practitioner Katherine “Kitty” Leonard and professor of nursing Melanie Kalman, PhD, discuss research into the meaning of touch to patients undergoing chemotherapy. Registered dietitian nutritionist Maureen Franklin gives an overview of sugars and sweeteners. Pediatric anesthesiologist Joseph Resti, MD, tells about providing anesthesiology to children.



Upstate researcher explains efforts to control mosquito-borne dengue fever

Thursday, October 22nd, 2015

Dengue fever, a tropical disease present in subtropical areas of the United States, must be fought on several fronts, such as research, public education and government policy, says Upstate researcher Anna Stewart-Ibarra, PhD, MPA. She is working to find the solution to this mosquito-borne virus through research both in Syracuse and in Ecuador and outlines the effect of climate change and El Niño as well as attempts to control mosquitoes and find a vaccine for this incurable disease.