On this week’s edition of Upstate Medical University’s “HealthLink on Air”: Ramsay Farah, MD, discusses melanoma, the diagnosis former President Jimmy Carter recently disclosed. David Keith, MD, goes over theories of family therapy. Meghan Jacobs, MD, discusses the effects of corporal punishment.
The deadliest skin cancer, melanoma, can affect the liver and brain in its later stages, as happened to former President Jimmy Carter, explains Ramsay Farah, MD, division chief of dermatology at Upstate. Caused by pigment-producing cells called melanocytes, melanoma is best treated when caught early, says Farah, who notes the significance of irregular moles and the need for regular skin exams. Farah also details Carter’s cutting-edge treatment, which awakens the body’s immune system to fight the melanoma.
Ramsay Farah, MD: Jimmy Carter's melanoma underscores the importance of early detection, new treatment optionsPlay Now | Download
Smoking has declined as a cause of head and neck cancers, while those caused by the human papillomavirus have increased, say Upstate’s Robert Kellman, MD, and Seung Shin Hahn, MD. The two physicians describe the symptoms, diagnoses and treatments for cancers of the mouth, throat, lips and larynx in this segment. Kellman is a professor and chair of otolaryngology and communication sciences, and Hahn is a professor of radiation oncology.
Robert Kellman, MD & Seung Shin Hahn, MD: Smoking slips, sexually transmitted virus rises as cause of head and neck cancersPlay Now | Download
Obesity and drug abuse can lead to fatty liver and hepatitis C, which are major factors for developing liver cancer, according to Ajay Jain, MD, associate chief of hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery at Upstate. Jain, who specializes in cancer surgery, describes the latest procedures – often minimally invasive and robotically assisted — to treat cancers and other diseases of the liver, pancreas, gallbladder and bile ducts. He also reviews promising new research on early detection of pancreatic cancer.
Ajay Jain, MD: How latest techniques help surgeons fight cancer, other diseases of liver, pancreas, gallbladderPlay Now | Download
Cancer patients must deal with pain – from tumors pressing against body parts or from their treatments, such as surgery, chemotherapy or radiation. Brendan McGinn, MD, assistant professor of anesthesiology at Upstate, outlines how various types of pain are treated for cancer patients and others and tells how stress and anxiety can worsen pain.
Brendan McGinn, MD: How to relieve pain -- for cancer patients and othersPlay Now | Download
Radiation oncologist Anna Shapiro, MD, explains the multidisciplinary care that breast cancer patients receive at Upstate. She recently receieved the Carol M. Baldwin Breast Cancer Research Fund’s “Humanitarian Award.”
Anna Shapiro, MD: Personalized care for patients needing radiation oncologyPlay Now | Download
The array of medicines to treat prostate cancer offers more hope than ever before, says Andrew Burgdorf, a clinical pharmacist who works with adult hematology/oncology patients at the Upstate Cancer Center. The treatments include ways to block male hormones as well as attack the cancer cells, he said, and some newer drugs have been shown to help patients live longer. Biosimilar drugs on the horizon could help lower the cost of some therapies.
Andrew Burgdorf, PharmD: Variety of medicines offers hope to prostate cancer patientsPlay Now | Download
Exercise can improve cancer patients’ quality of life by helping to maintain strength and energy and feel better overall as they heal, said Cassi Terpening, DPT, a physical therapist at Upstate. Physical therapists help set up an exercise program tailored to the patients’ needs and guide them as they progress. It might involve simply walking and stretching or more vigorous activity. For more information on the rehabilitation program for patients with cancer, visit http://www.upstate.edu/pmr/healthcare/programs/cancer.php.
Cassandra Terpening, DPT: Why exercise is important during cancer treatmentPlay Now | Download
Doctors predict the course of a man’s prostate cancer and select appropriate treatment based on the staging and grading of the tumor, information provided largely by laboratory pathologists, Gustavo de la Roza, MD, explains in this HealthLink on Air interview. The cellular anatomy and structure in a tissue sample reveal a histologic grade, which tells the aggressiveness of the cancer. Staging is a number that reveals whether the cancer has spread, and how far. Clinical staging accomplishes this through use of imaging studies. Pathological staging relies on the examination of tissue.
Leslie Kohman, MD, explains advances in cancer prevention that have taken place over the years, plus how surgery, radiation and chemotherapy treatments have changed and improved. Kohman is medical director of the Upstate Cancer Center, which teams with WCNY on March 25 to offer previews of the upcoming cancer documentary that is based on the Pulitzer Prize-winning book, “The Emperor of All Maladies.”
Leslie Kohman, MD: Cancer Center med director reflects on advances in cancer prevention, treatmentsPlay Now | Download
Aliya Hafeez, MD, the chief psychiatric consultant at Upstate Cancer Center, tells about the emotional challenges of a prostate cancer diagnosis, and the importance of communication during trying times.
Aliya Hafeez, MD: Prostate cancer includes emotional challengesPlay Now | Download
Debbie Stack, the director of education and community engagement at WCNY, tells about the upcoming cancer documentary that is based on the Pulitzer Prize-winning book, “The Emperor of All Maladies.” Upstate is teaming up with WCNY to offer previews of this program at an event from 6 to 8 p.m. March 25.